Posts Currently viewing the tag: "alarm"

Loss Of Lane Alignment (LOL) is declared on 100G interfaces when it has not been possible to successfully recover the Logical Lane Marker (LLM) from the logical lanes and then re-assemble the OTU4 frame. During the lane recovery process the LLM will be present in a lane every 16320 bytes, when the same LLM…(Read More)

At 100G speeds OTN uses a multilane implementation to achieve the OTU4 client interface. Using these multilane interfaces can present a number of challenges and new defect conditions have been defined to support these. LOFLANE is a loss of frame defect on a logical lane. In some ways it is similar to Loss Of Block…(Read More)

Unlike previous pluggable transceiver modules there is a real requirement to test the CFP in a staging area prior to deployment. Previous devices such as the SFP or XFP currently are available with commodity pricing from almost $50 to a a few thousand dollars depending on the required interface support. In comparison the CFP can…(Read More)

The alignment marker is used for the identification of the PCS lanes. They allow the receiving network equipment to identify the lanes as they are received so that that they can be re-ordered. So what is an alignment marker? An alignment marker is a single 66 bit block that is inserted into the stream…(Read More)

100G testing plans must include specific attention to the physical interface. The CFP interface is no longer a single transmitter and receiver pair that can simply be checked with simple tests such as a basic optical power measurement or receiver sensitivity measurement. Utilising multiple optical lanes simultaneously makes testing the interface more complex and also…(Read More)

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